“The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) publishes this final rule to amend the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) to implement theunderstandings reached at the June 2012 plenary meeting of the Australia Group (AG) and the 2012 AG intersessional decisions. Specifically, this rule amends the Commerce Control List (CCL) entry in the EAR that controls human and zoonotic pathogens and ‘toxins’ to reflect changes to the AG ‘List of Biological Agents for Export Control’ that were made based on the understandings adopted at the June 2012 AG plenary meeting. These changes included the addition of three pathogens and clarifications to two other items. This rule also amends the CCL entry in the EAR that controls plant pathogens to reflect: The 2012 AG Plenary agreement to add five pathogens to the AG ‘List of Plant Pathogens for Export Control;’ and the AG intersessional clarifications to six pathogens identified on this AG list. In addition, the CCL entry in the EAR that controls equipment capable of handling biological materials is amended to reflect the 2012 AG intersessional decision to add certain spray-drying equipment to the AG ‘Control List of Dual-Use Biological Equipment and Related Technology and Software.’ This rule also removes the CCL entry that controls select agents not identified on any of the AG common controls lists, but identified on the CCL because they are (or were, until recently) subject to controls maintained by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), U.S. Department of Agriculture, on their possession, use, and transfer within the United States. Rather than
continuing to control these select agents in a separate CCL entry, this rule adds those select agents that remain subject to the CDC/APHIS controls (as well as a recent addition to the list of select agents) to the AG-related CCL entries that control human and zoonotic pathogens and ‘toxins’ and plant pathogens, respectively.”

78 FR 33692-98
Published 06-05-2013